Exploring and Analyzing Our Constitutional Rights through Jay-Z

In this lesson, students explore and discuss the Bill of Rights through the music of Jay-Z, and they will use these moments of popular culture to further critically examine the ways that artists address our Constitutional Rights in popular culture.


Some media may contain mature content. Discretion is advised when viewing with students.

Lesson Plan

Using the Jay-Z video provided above, engage students in a discussion about the way the artist addresses our Constitutional Rights as citizens. Referring to the lyrics of Jay-Z's "99 Problems" (available at

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Lesson tags: Eleventh, English, Music, Ninth, Social Studies, Tenth

Niall Brennan

Niall Brennan Niall is a professor in the Department of Communication at Fairfield University and holds a Ph.D in Media and Communications. Niall is a well-traveled educator and has taught across the globe from Brazil to the UK. He has also worked in publishing, advertising and information systems in New York City. When he’s not teaching, Niall enjoys cooking, photography and spending time with his best friend and dog, Harry.